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Type 2 Polio Is Across Nigeria , NPHCDA Reports

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NPHCDA reports type 2 polio across Nigeria – Voice of Nigeria

The National Primary Health Care Development Agency (NPHCDA), has reported full return of polio type 2 in Nigeria few months after it was certified polio free by the African Regional Certification Commission (ARCC) for the eradication of poliomyelitis.

Executive Director of NPHCDA, Dr. Faisal Shuaib, who spoke at the second quarterly meeting of the of the Northern Traditional Leaders Committee on primary health care delivery (NTLC), in Abuja, disclosed that 14 states in Nigeria have been affected by CVDPV2 so far.

“Nigeria as we are all aware has been certified WPV free by the ARCC. However, there are cases of CVDPV2 in some states, hence the need for us as a country to jealously guard our WPV-Free status and stop the CVDPV2 transmission in our communities.

“As at today, we have CVDPV2 outbreaks in Abia, Bayelsa, Borno, Delta, FCT, Jigawa, Kano, Kebbi, Lagos, Niger, Rivers, Sokoto, Yobe and Zamfara States, and we have conducted four OBRs using the Novelle Oral Polio Vaccine which is a preferred choice as it doesn’t seed the virus.

“However, sub-optimal performance was recorded in all the States due to high number of missed children during the OBR. This poor quality result will affect how we are able to bring this outbreak under control,” he said.

CVDPV2 can occur if the weakened strain of the virus originally contained in Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV) is allowed to circulate among an under-immunized population for a long time, allowing the virus to regain strength and genetically revert into a form that can cause paralysis. But If a population is fully immunized, they will be protected against both CVDPV2 and Wild Polio Viruses.

It spreads more easily to people who are unvaccinated against polio and who come in contact with the stool or respiratory secretions, such as from a sneeze, of an infected person, and the virus causes illness, including paralysis.

Dr. Faisal told the traditional rulers that donor funding for Polio has reduced drastically, hence the country will be relying on the influence of the Royal Fathers in advocating to political leaders on the need to continue to fund polio outbreak response campaigns.

Emir of Argungu, Alhaji Samaila Muhammad Mera, who is Chairman of NTLC, in his remarks, said the reality is that Nigeria is not out of the woods yet as regards polio. This was because cases of CVDPV2 continue to spread even in states that have been polio free for nearly seven years.

“Also, we are aware of funding challenges for the effective engagement of traditional and religious leaders on these issues, but as leaders deeply concerned with welfare of our people.

“I assure the NPHCDA and its partners that we would continue to do our utmost best to support all health and related programmes of the Federal Government,” he said.

The Sun

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